BIOWATER is carried out in five modules:
1. Green-shift scenarios
What will a green shift towards a carbon-neutral, bio-economic society mean for the land use and management practices in the Nordic countries? In cooperation with stakeholders we have developed scenarios for the coming decades (until 2050).
2. Understanding catchment processes
We use long-term data-sets from well-monitored, smaller catchments (agricultural and forested) in all four BIOWATER countries. Through this, we increase our understanding of the pathways and cycles of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus, as well as water flow.
3. Ecosystem services accounting
What can Nordic water-related ecosystems provide in terms of provisioning, regulating and cultural services? And how may these services change as a result of the green shift? Can we set a value on nature? These questions are being explored in Module 3.
4. Modelling impacts of the scenarios, and assessing mitigation methods
There are two main question in this module: (1): How will land use and climate change affect our freshwaters (to be explored through modelling) and (2): How can different environmental measures mitigate these impacts. This module is, therefore, a combination of catchment modelling, and direct field or model studies of the effect of mitigation measures.
5. Evaluation and synthesis for a bio-economic green shift
Our final module aims to ‘bring it all together’. Through workshops with scientists, stakeholders, policy makers and industry representatives we aim to bridge the gap between science, management and the private sector, and to ensure that BIOWATER’s findings can be useful for the Nordic society.